Korean Red Cross

Fundamental Principles

Declared in Vienna in 1965, the seven Fundamental Principles unite and guide the work of the National Societies (NS), International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).

Representation image for Fundamental Principles


The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (Movement, for short), born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace among all peoples.


It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.


In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.


The Movement is independent. The NS, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.

Voluntary service

It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.


There can be only one Red Cross or Red Crescent society in any one country. It must be open to all. I must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory.


The Movement, in which all societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.