The Movement is abbreviation for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It consists of three distinct parts: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) and 187 National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (NS). Korean Red Cross was recognised by and became a full member of the IFRC in 1955.
The ICRC, established in 1863, works worldwide to provide humanitarian help for people
affected by conflict and armed violence and to promote the laws that protect victims of war.
An independent and neutral organization, its mandate stems essentially from the Geneva Conventions of 1949.
Based in Geneva, Switzerland, it employs some 12,000 people in 80 countries; it is financed mainly
by voluntary donations from governments and from national Red Cross and Red Crescent societies.
For more information, please visit ICRC¡¯s Web site at www.icrc.org.
IFRC is the world¡¯s largest volunteer-based humanitarian network, reaching 150 million people each year
through our 186 member NS. Together, we act before, during and after disasters and health emergencies
to meet the needs and improve the lives of vulnerable people. We do so with impartiality as to
nationality, race, gender, religious beliefs, class and political opinions.
For more information, please visit IFRC¡¯s Web site at www.ifrc.org.
For more information, please visit the IFRC¡¯s directory of other NS here.